The Biosphere

The Earth System

Image earth_system

Lineage of the Concept

Modern concept of the biosphere

Meet the Biosphere

Image biosphere

``Laws of ecology''

  1. Everything is connected to everything else
  2. Everything must go somewhere
  3. Nature (usually) knows best
  4. There is no such thing as a free lunch (TANSTAFL)
From Commoner (1971)

Brian M Napoletano 2011-09-09